Plant Patents and Seed Catalogs
It’s seed-buying season, so I wanted to share some information about plant patents and protection certificates that you might find in your catalogs. If you’re not already familiar with PVP certificates and utility patents, you’ll soon encounter them in many of the major catalogs out there, including organic suppliers like Johnny’s Seeds and High Mowing.
If you’re interested in reading more on this topic, I’ve compiled a short list of sources to get you started:
Keith Aoki and Kennedy Luvai, “Seed wars : controversies over access to and control of plant genetic resources.” Intellectual Property and Information Wealth: Issues and Practices in the Digital Age. Ed. Peter Yu. vol. 2. (Praeger Publishers, 2007): 249-282
FEDCO Seeds, “OSSI and the Four Seed Freedoms”
Lisa Hamilton, “Linux for Lettuce.” VQR (Summer 2014)
Johnny’s Selected Seeds – “Intellectual Property Rights in Plant Breeding” (2017)
Johnny’s Selected Seeds – search catalog by PVP varieties
Jack Ralph Kloppenburg Jr., First the Seed:The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology. 2nd ed. (University of Wisconsin Press, 2005)
CR Lawn, “At Last the Seed: Can the Open Source Seed Initiative Be a Game-Changer?” The Maine Organic Farmer & Gardener. (Spring 2016)
Hope J. Shand, “Intellectual Property: Enhancing Corporate Monopoly and Bioserfdom.” In The Fatal Harvest Reader: The Tragedy of Industrial Agriculture. Ed. Andrew Kimbrell (Island Press, 2002).